Debt-to-Income Ratio

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to determine your maximum monthly payment after you have paid your other recurring loans.


Understanding the qualifying ratio

For the most part, conventional mortgage loans require a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.

The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that can go to housing costs (this includes principal and interest, private mortgage insurance, hazard insurance, taxes, and HOA dues).

The second number in the ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that should be spent on housing expenses and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes auto loans, child support and monthly credit card payments.

Some example data:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .28 = $756 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .36 = $972 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .29 = $783 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .41 = $1,107 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you want to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, please use this Mortgage Pre-Qualification Calculator.

Don't forget these are only guidelines. We will be happy to help you pre-qualify to help you figure out how much you can afford. Seattle Mortgage Brokers LLC can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Call us: 206-409-5626 (LOAN) (LOAN). Want to get started? Apply Here.

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